Montenegro is a country in southeastern Europe, which lies on the Adriatic coast. In the east and northeast borders it bounds with Serbia, in the west and northwest with Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the southeast with Albania. The Adriatic Sea divides Montenegro and Italy. The main, and the largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje has the status of the Old Royal capital. Montenegro is a member of the United Nations, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Council of Europe and the Union for the Mediterranean.
The forerunners of today's Montenegro are the medieval Principality of Duklja and Zeta. During the Turkish rule, Montenegro has had some kind of autonomy and its independence from Turkey was confirmed at the Berlin Congress in 1878. From 1918 Montenegro made part of all three of former Yugoslavia.
Montenegro is certainly one of the most interesting places in the world. With its area of only 14,000km2 and a population of only 670,000 inhabitants, its contribution to the world cultural heritage is even higher. During the centuries of rich history Montenegro has survived and remained one of the brightest examples of struggle for freedom and for its own existence and a place people always spoke of with respect. Christian, Muslim, Illyrian, Byzantine, Turkish and Slovenian civilizations merged here making Montenegro a crossroad of culture and history.
Montenegro has changed its name many times.
From Latin Prevalis during the medieval Principality of Zeta, to the contemporary Montenegro. And as the name changed, so did the country. Thanks to all the nations that stayed here for a longer or a shorter period of time, Montenegro became a mosaic of civilization heritage. It is still one of the most valuable aspects of today’s Montenegro.
Some will say that its name - Montenegro – was brought by the seamen to whom it seemed dark from the open sea, with its high mountains and crags intersected with gorges rising imminent above the warm shores. Others will say that her enemies named it, in some ancient times, because of the bad luck that befell anyone who tried to conquer it.
The thruth is she was named after those who made it a state - the dynasty of Crnojevic. With the Petrovic dynasty they became the founders of a modern, small but proud country in the Mediterranean.
Basic information about Montenegro
Area - 13,812 km2,
Total population - 650,000
Length of coastline - 294 km
Number of beaches - 117; Total length of 73 km
Highest Mountains - 2,536 m (Prokletije, Evil Kolata) and 2,522 m (Durmitor, Bobotov kuk)
The largest lake - Skadar Lake
The Republic of Montenegro is an independent state since May 21 2006
Capital - Podgorica
The Old Royal Capital - Cetinje,
The official currency in Montenegro - EURO